This is any inheritable trait that increases it’s survival rate so that it can live longer, reproduce longer, and have more offspring (that also have that trait). Name two of the porcupine’s adaptive traits and how each helps it survive: 2. 0000001271 00000 n Crested porcupines reach adult weight at one to two years and are often sexually mature just before then. The crested porcupine lives in burrows, and can be found in North and West Africa, and parts of East Africa and the Mediterranean. Date of Electronic Publication or other Date, such as Last Updated. 0000030773 00000 n • The word porcupine means ‘quill pig.’ • They are the largest rodent in Africa and the largest of the porcupines. 0000007809 00000 n 0000002205 00000 n Day Month Year of access < URL >. The crested porcupine is a mainly nocturnal mammal that shows both moonlight avoidance and some diurnal motor activity, the latter as an extension of its night-time foraging behaviour. Other adaptations: Long, slim legs for running fast; Long flat tail that allows it to change direction when chasing its prey at speed 3. The quills themselves are essentially modified hairs. h�bbbf`b``j � 5� � endstream endobj 56 0 obj <>/Metadata 7 0 R/PageLabels 4 0 R/Pages 6 0 R/StructTreeRoot 9 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 57 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 58 0 obj <> endobj 59 0 obj <> endobj 60 0 obj <> endobj 61 0 obj <> endobj 62 0 obj <> endobj 63 0 obj <> endobj 64 0 obj <>stream "Title: Subtitle of Part of Web Page, if appropriate." Although the crested porcupine has been confirmed as a “generalist” species in terms of food selection, with adaptations to dig underground storage organs, a strong preference for fruits and epigeal parts of plants was detected in our study. Porcupines are very well adapted for their lives in the woods. Although the crested porcupine has been confirmed as a “generalist” species in terms of food selection, with adaptations to dig underground storage organs, a strong preference for fruits and epigeal parts of plants was detected in our study. If continually bothered, the crested porcupine will stamp its feet, whirr the quills, and charge the disturber back end first trying to stab the enemy with the t… The crested porcupine is an Old World porcupine inhabiting Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa named for its impressive and defensive crest of 35 centimeter-long quills. Porcupines. 0000016024 00000 n %PDF-1.4 %���� Its body is covered with coarse quills 1 to 13 inches long and of varying thicknesses. A single porcupine can have more than 30,000 quills, which are actually sharp bristles of fused hair. Bur­rows are often ex­ten­sive and used for many years (Nowak 1991). and are about 30” in length, and have very poor vision. When you research information you must cite the reference. The “crested” adjective comes from its mane composed of black and white banded hairs that extend from the top of its head to its tail. Porcupine Quills Porcupines have soft hair, but on their back, sides, and tail it is usually mixed with sharp quills. 0000001817 00000 n 0000018805 00000 n Hystrix africaeaustralis is found only in sub-saharan Africa, excluding the coastal desert of the southwest. 0000004127 00000 n Many pet dogs have fallen for this trick and gotten too close with their sensitive noses. 0000028168 00000 n The African crested porcupine's teeth and digestive system are well adapted for its tough herbivorous diet. The gestation period of the African crested porcupine is about 112 days. Obvious adaptation: Quills . The most characteristic feature about porcupines is obviously that they are quill bearing rodents. h�b```b``�������� ̀ �,`ȱ��e��m�0KXa�{`fF�� �" (f`ab�nf`�a4a`;���|�ч��At��\�t���\d���X(v2�:7� Hys­trix are highly adapt­able, found in forests, rocky areas, moun­tains, crop­lands, and sand­hill deserts (Nowak 1991; Grz­imek 1990). Porcupines are nocturnal rodents. Both sexes are about 84 cm in length. Porcupinesare very well adapted for their lives in the woods. All rights reserved. 3. Further, their pointed end has a tiny barb, like a fishhook, that once entered into an animals skin does not pull out easily. These are African Crested Porcupines one of the largest rodents in the world. 0000005071 00000 n The young leave home for the first time at about two weeks of age, as their quills — soft at birth — begin to harden. When a porcupine is approached by a predator, it will turn its back and raise its quills to make them more accessible to a predators face. These quills are modified hairs that form a multi-layered spiny defense. 0000016137 00000 n native; Habitat. Farmers use dogs to hunt them or smoke them out of burrows. All these physical adaptations help the porcupine to survive in its habitat. Porcupine Quills Porcupines have soft hair, but on their back, sides, and tail it is usually mixed with sharp quills. Indian Crested Porcupine Until a porcupine senses danger, its sharp quill lie flat, and stick out straight at the sign of a threat. Because they are cecal digesters, they … This rodent has rather long quills of up to 16 inches. Appearance Female porcupines are about one kilogram heavier than males, weighing 10-24 kg and males with a mass of 10-19 kg. New quills will grow in to replace lost ones. Name two other living things that have an adaptive trait like the porcupine and how their adaptations help repel predators.3. They have sharp claws and can climb trees to feed on the bark and twigs high off the ground. I sat super super still not wanting to get quilled. This is any inheritable trait that increases it’s survival rate so that it can live longer, reproduce longer, and have more offspring (that also have that trait). These prickles are wide, thin walled and hollow-tipped. ("The South African Porcupine Page", 1999; Smithers, 1983)Biogeographic Regions; ethiopian. 0000028829 00000 n Their tails are covered with shorter white quills, while their neck, shoulders and rears are covered with a crest of long quills up to 5 … The porcupine has adaptive traits that help it survive in its forest habitat.1. Some quills, like those of Africa's crested porcupine, are nearly a foot long. The crested porcupine is a terrestrial mammal; they very seldom climb trees, but can swim. They are rodents with long, sharp front teeth that grow throughout their lives. It mostly eats fruit and tough roots, but has been known to scavenge the remains of dead animals. Unlike the 'New World' porcupines, this porcupine is a ground-dwelling and burrowing animal. The amazingly strong front feet allow the animal excavate substantial burrows. Crested porcupines reach adult weight at one to two years and are often sexually mature just before then. Porcupines are lumbering, rotund rodents with needle-like spikes, called quills, covering their back, sides, and tail. 55 0 obj <> endobj xref 55 28 0000000016 00000 n There are very few predators that can successfully attack and feed on a porcupine because of the 30,000 quills that cover their head back and tail running in a dorsal band. 0000003615 00000 n Crested porcupine . When another animal attacks the porcupine, its quills detach, burrowing into the adversary’s flesh and inflicting painful, potentially deadly wounds. Additional significant descriptive information. They have as many as 30,000 quills on the back, tail and sides and use them as a defense against predators. 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