Voter…, The legal structure of a government, which establishes its pow…, -Justify and make legitimate state political institutions by c…, The division of governmental power among several institutions…. (Q010) Which type of court would hear a case involving a violation of a city ordinance? ARTICLE I BILL OF RIGHTS That the general, great and essential principles of liberty and free government may be recognized and established, we declare: Sec. FREEDOM AND SOVEREIGNTY OF STATE. State constitutions are amended more frequently than nation…, a feature of a political system that gives each branch of gove…, the government is given specific powers that they must follow…, the act of participating in the process of government such as…, each branch of the governments has power over each other so th…, Unit 2: Quiz - The Constitutions of Texas, The 1876 Constitution was so well written, it is rare for anyo…. allow the state to access additional funds during times of financial distress in the state, with the approval of three-fifths of the members of both the House and Senate. (Q014) What is guaranteed under the Texas Constitution? Members of the legislature, and all officers, before they enter upon the duties of their offices, shall take the following oath or affirmation: "I (A. On March 2, 1836, Texas declared itself an independent republic because of a lack of support in the United States for the Texas Revolution. Amendments are proposed by our elected officials - and voting for or against their policies holds them accountable for their actions. It continued the tradition of a bicameral legislature, now meeting once every two years (biennially). (Q002) An economic development corporation is classified as a. The Constitution of 1845, which provided for the government of Texas as a state in the United States, was almost twice as long as the Constitution of the Republic of Texas.The framers, members of the Convention of 1845, drew heavily on the newly adopted Constitution of Louisiana and on the constitution drawn by the Convention of 1833 (see CONSTITUTION PROPOSED IN 1833), but … The very first Constitution of the State of Texas was ratified in 1845 upon annexation in the Union. Texas became the 28 th state in December 1845. (Q008) What is the primary source of funding for special districts? https://quizlet.com/454480001/test-1-government-flash-cards The Texas Constitution does not specify grounds for removal. (Q001) What is considered unique about the appellate court structure in Texas? The structure of the current constitution of Texas (Constitution of 1876) is a Preamble, 17 Articles, and 491 Amendments (Since 2015) [2]. [190] They are deeply influenced by the historical and cultural c…, A. (Q019) Texas is considered a __________ state. Their first state constitution was enacted in 1845. (Q015) The 1869 Supreme Court case Texas v. White resolved which constitutional issue? (Q006) Although judges are elected in Texas, the __________ can appoint a state judge in the event of a vacancy. (Q017) The Texas Constitution requires the state to maintain a. The president of the Republic of Texas (Spanish: Presidente de la República de Tejas) was the head of state and head of government while Texas was an independent republic between 1836 and 1845. Constitution of the State of Texas, adopted in Convention, at the City of Austin 1845. (Q008) For what offense may the governor of Texas be impeached? (Q009) Which of the following is an explanation for the largest population growth in Texas? is the "States' Rights Amendment"; it reserves all powers not delegated to the national government in the Constitution to state governments. (Q004) Categorical grants are often used with which type of federalism? 1. major trial courts of the state that handle trials involving criminal or civil matters. (Q013) How old does someone have to be to serve in the Texas House? THE TEXAS CONSTITUTION ARTICLE 8. (Q008) Article 8 of the Texas Constitution deals with taxation and revenue. The changes from the 1845 Constitution were minimal and consisted mainly of revising terminology to reflect Texas' membership in the Confederacy. TAXATION AND REVENUE Sec. (Q003) Article 4 of the Texas Constitution creates. Its straightforward, simple form prompted many national politicians, including Daniel Webster, to remark that the Texas constitution was the best of all of the state constitutions. (Q019) What can be stated about the Texas Ordinance of Secession in 1861? (Q013) What crop in Texas dominated agriculture in the 1870s? (Q003) "Pigeonholing" is a practice in which. (Q001) A balanced budget is required for the state of Texas by. It says, “We’re here. an election in which voters elect officials from the entire geographical area, rather than from a smaller district within the area, (Q020) The mayor-council form of government. Constitution of the State of Texas, adopted in Convention, at the City of Austin 1845. The Constitution of the State of Texas is the document that establishes the structure and function of the government of the U.S. state of Texas, and enumerates the basic rights of the citizens of Texas.. Compare and contrast earlier versions of the Texas Constitution with the current version. (Q014) An important source of funding for school districts in Texas are, (Q015) County government in Texas exists primarily to govern, (Q016) The term "hidden government" refers to. Statement of the number of votes polled in the several Counties of the Republic on the 13th Oct. ultimo for the ratification or rejection of Annexation, the Constitution, & Ordinance (Q011) The revenue generated by the sales tax. (Q006) The Tenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. special districts located throughout the state. (Q012) By the early twenty-first century. a guarantee of individual rights. 1. The Constitution, as Amended, and Ordinances of the Convention of 1866, Together with the Proclamation of Governor Declaring the Ratification of the Amendments to the Constitution, and the General Laws of the Regular Session of the Eleventh Legislature of the State of Texas. Texas has separate appellate courts for civil and criminal cases. separation of powers. Since that time, they have had four newer state constitutions, 1861, 1866, 1869 and 1876. is the highest court in the state for civil matters. Texas Constitution Includes Amendments Through the November 5, 2019, Constitutional Amendment Election Prepared by the Legal Division of the Texas Legislative Council Texas Legislative Council Lieutenant Governor Dan Patrick EQUALITY AND UNIFORMITY OF TAXATION; TAXATION OF PROPERTY IN PROPORTION TO … SEC. (Q015) Why is the Biennial Revenue Estimate (BRE) important? He worked with the Spanish government to bring American settlers into Texas. The governor must call for a special session outside a general session. (Q004) Over the years, the number of municipal governments in Texas has, (Q005) In the mayor-council form of government, mayors are selected. (Q016) The concept of __________ emphasizes rural values and Jeffersonian notions of limited government. B.) Handbook of Texas article on the 1845 Constitution. (Q017) Members of the plural executive are accountable to the. Austin: Printed at the Gazette office, by Jo. an official who is elected in a statewide election for a four-year term. The Constitution of the Republic of Texas was the supreme law of Texas from 1836 to 1845. [Note – Texas has a unique constitutional history starting with their first constitution in 1827 when they were part of Mexico. Vernon's Annotated Constitution of the State of Texas (Kansas City: Vernon Law Book Company, 1955). (Q015) If the governor of Texas is impeached, who then becomes governor? Images of the actual documents are included at the bottom of this page. The next constitution was enacted in 1836 for the independent Republic of Texas. the Texas Constitution provides for a line-item veto demonstrates an affinity for limited government and limited spending, even if it comes at a cost of granting power to the governor in a way the rest of the constitution is designed to avoid. (Q010) Which of the following actions would the Tenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution allow a state like Texas to do? (Q014) Which chamber not only is larger but also is subjected to more frequent elections? a case in which a student has vandalized cars in a school parking lot. The Constitution of 1845 has been the most popular of all Texas constitutions. ensure that allegations of judicial misconduct are appropriately investigated. lawyers, interest groups, and potential litigants. (Q007) Amendments to the U.S. Constitution that addressed the freedom and rights of former slaves. The state constitution is the governing document of the state…, the legal structure of a government, which establishes its pow…, the division of governmental power among several institutions…, the constitutional idea that overlapping power is given to dif…. If a personal income tax were to be adopted, what does this article require? The declaration of independence was written by George Childress and modeled after the United States Constitution. (Q003) County judges who preside over county commissioners' courts are responsible for. (Q013) The people who wrote the Constitution of 1876 wanted to return control of government to "the people," by which they meant all. The state constitution establishes the structure and purpose of the Texas government. the death penalty is a possible punishment upon conviction. It limits donations to candidates for judicial office. (Q009) The __________ is the SECOND-largest educational endowment in the United States. Their current constitution is based upon the 1876 constitution and had … declares that the Constitution and laws passed by the national government are superior to all laws adopted by state governments. (Q010) Why are county governments important in Texas? (Q020) The individuals responsible for writing the various constitutions for the state of Texas have been concerned about. (Q017) The Texas constitution includes all the following elements EXCEPT. Texas is a free and independent State, subject only to the Constitution of the United States, and (Q011) There are __________ members of the Texas House of Representatives and __________ members of the Texas Senate. Text of the 1861 Constitution of the State of Texas, with original document scans. (Q005) The U.S. Constitution and the Texas Constitution are similar in that both, (Q006) The constitution that replaced the Texas Constitution of 1845 called for Texas to, (Q007) The Constitution of 1836, which established the government of the Republic of Texas, resembled the U.S. Constitution in that it. (Q006) The __________ of government makes use of a professionally trained city manager. Lower-income individuals generally pay a higher percentage of their income in taxes than wealthier individuals do. an organization of militant farmers that worked for improved conditions for farmers in the late 1800s. 1824-1826... Texas was part of Mexico and had the same constitut…, 1827-1835... Coahuila and Texas provinces joined together... Outla…, 1836-1844... Texas won its independence from Mexico... Based off o…, Texas had to make a constitution to join the U.S.... Based off t…, Government in which the power to govern is derived from the wi…, Sharing of powers between two levels of government; uniquely A…, A type government in which the lower units of govt retain a de…, Type of government in which power is is vested in a central go…, a. What does this mean? (Q013) Most of the funds in the Texas state budget lie. [ citation needed ] President Polk signed the legislation making the former Lone Star Republic a state of the Union on December 29, 1845 (Joint Resolution for the admission of the state of Texas into the Union, J.Res. (Q010) The responsibility for preparing an initial draft of the budget belongs to. (Q013) The state attorney general is primarily concerned with. The Texas Constitution of 1845 was a document of broad, general principles that allowed state government the flexibility to solve policy problems as they arose. increased emigration from other states in the United States. (Q005) Texas governors can serve a(n) __________ number of __________-year terms. (Q020) The lieutenant governor's real source of power comes from his or her role in the __________ process. Walker, state printer. the annexation of Texas by the United States. (Q013) The State Commission on Judicial Conduct was created to. In a special election on December 15, Texans had elected officers for the new state government. (Q003) In Texas, needy or dependent children receive __________ of the state budget. Registered voters in the state must approve of a personal income tax. Part of the Tarlton Law Library/Jamail Center for Legal Research's Texas Constitutions 1824-1876 digital (Q007) Ultimately, who creates special districts? SEC. checks and balances. The ordinance proclaimed that the federal government was established for the white race. (Q011) A system by which farmers would be lent land and equipment in exchange for part of the profits is known as. Lessons Overview ! (Q002) Military bases have been an important source of economic development in Texas since. The last battle of the Civil War was fought at _____. (Q018) When Texas joined the United States, it. GENERAL PROVISIONS. was seen as giving the governor too much power. (Q009) In civil cases, the burden of proof is on the __________, who must meet a standard known as __________. represent small districts and are subject to more frequent elections. 1, enacted December 29, 1845, 9 Stat. Several cities and counties develop a plan for a toll road that serves the area. B.) Austin: Printed at the Office of the ‘New Era’, 1845. Representatives served two-year terms while Senators were elected for four years. (Q014) In the late nineteenth century, Dallas was able to grow into a major city because of which industry? (Q015) Which statement about the Texas Bill of Rights is accurate? The Texas Constitution ! When Texas seceded from the Union, it adopted this Constitution. The citizens of Texas approved the annexation ordinance and new constitution on October 13, 1845. (Q018) The Texas legislature's ban on "sanctuary cities" across local governments demonstrates the use of __________ by the state. whether state agencies continue to meet the needs of the state in an effective manner. (Q002) According to the Texas Constitution (Article 3, Section 49j), state debt cannot be greater than what percentage of state revenue? Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 1. the national government's role is limited to providing for national defense, foreign policy, and supporting commerce. Which of the following was NOT one of the Texas Constitutions? (Q009) The president of the Texas Senate is also the, (Q010) The two most powerful political figures in the Texas legislature are the. recommended nine amendments to the U.S. Constitution. The Constitution of 1845, which provided for the government of Texas as a state in the United States, was almost twice as long as the Constitution of the Republic of Texas. The fledgling republic’s existence had spanned nine years, eleven months, and seventeen days. a. Tenth ... b. First…, Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press, Peaceful Assembly, and Pet…, Right to bear arms, well regulated militia, Cooperative federalism - everyone works together (mixes), a system in which power is divided between the national and st…, constitutional declaration (article vi) that the constitution…, the division of a central government into two or more branches…, Legal framework within which government works in Texas. (Q007) Which city in Texas currently has the largest population? The present Constitution of the State, the 1876 Constitution, was adopted after the American Civil War when the State of Texas was readmitted into the Union. Texas’ Constitution Search for: Constitution of 1869 The Constitutional Convention of 1868–69, called in compliance with the Congressional Reconstruction Acts of 1867, broke up without completing a constitution. granting broad discretionary power to state officeholders to achieve their goals. When Texas ceased to be an independent republic and joined the United States, a new constitution was necessary. the Constitution and laws passed by the national government and all treaties are the supreme law of the land and superior to all laws adopted by any state. Time Periods: Reconstruction The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of S. S . Slaves. _____ and _____ are two traditions from Texas's history from M…, Code of Criminal Procedure; written to mirror the US Constitut…, Freedom of religion, speech, press, petition, and assembly, Representative, democratic government; sovereignty lies with t…, Has a bill of rights; the government can't take away our civil…, Bicameral Legislature: Citizen interests are represented in bo…, A system of checks-and- balances exist to separate powers betw…, "Governing Texas" Chapter 2: The Texas Constitution, -rights guaranteed to Texans that go far beyond those of the U…, -Every few years, the Texas Legislature presents to the voters…, -Can deal with overall structural issues of government... ex. both the federal and state governments are sovereign. (Q012) Community colleges create a specific unit of local government known as a. Constitutional scholars consider it to … (Q018) If a defendant is found guilty and sent to prison, under which type of law was the defendant tried? General Provisions. (Q020) Which new transportation system developed in the 1950s and 1960s fundamentally changed how Texans travel and where they live? individuals to numerous agencies, commissions, and boards in Texas. (Q001) Which type of charter offers the greatest authority to a city in governing its citizens? (Q017) An example of cooperative federalism is. Part of the Tarlton Law Library/Jamail Center for Legal Research's Texas Constitutions 1824-1876 digital (Q008) Over time, the influence of minorities, women and gays has diminished the effect of __________ in Texas. voters and businesses alike are attracted to a state with no income tax. (Q014) Which member of the plural executive is appointed by the governor rather than elected by the people? Choose from 500 different sets of texas constitutions flashcards on Quizlet. (Q003) The cattle industry became big business in Texas, (Q004) The oil and energy industries are under the regulatory authority of. 3. 108 ). 1. a unanimous verdict is needed to find a defendant guilty or not guilty. (Q002) Under the Republic of Texas, the constitution established a __________ legislature, meaning two bodies, rather than a __________ legislature. veto specific lines (or items) from appropriations bills. (Q011) Supreme court justices in Texas are. (Q020) Contributions to candidates in judicial elections usually come from. 1824-1826... Texas was part of Mexico and had the same constitut… (Q009) The Constitution of 1869 included which of the following elements? Learning Objectives 1. The adoption of the long ballot in which Texans would be ab…, Principle of government under which separate branches are empo…, A system of beliefs and laws by which a country, state, or org…, A system of government in which power is vested in the people,…, The division and sharing of power between the central and stat…, As the first constitution governing Texas, it combined two Spa…, In 1827, after being approved by Mexico, governed the state go…, This constitution: 1. didn't require Anglo Americans to join t…, When Texas gained its independence and became its own country,…, B. (Q020) Which constitutional amendment best describes the relationship between the federal government and states? SEC. The homestead principle was embodied in the Constitution of 1845 and all constitutions thereafter. (Q001) According to Article 15 of the Texas Constitution. Start studying statehood chapter 15. (Q015) Political culture is a term used to describe. (Q009) Under __________ federalism, the national government pressures state governments to take on a certain policy by using mandates or funding. 9- The United States Congress approved the Texas state constitution, and Polk signed the act admitting Texas as a state on December 29, 1845. (Q001) According to the Texas Constitution, in order to serve as governor, an individual must, (Q002) The state comptroller has two major duties: collecting tax revenue for the state and, (Q003) If the governor appointed a loyal supporter to serve on the Sunset Advisory Commission, it would be considered an act of, (Q004) Gubernatorial elections are held in off-years (election years in which we do not select a president) because state leaders want to. (Q009) The governor's line-item veto power allows him or her to. (Q019) Which city is located in the Great Plains region of Texas? They are pigeonholed by the committee chair. The U.S. Congress accepted the state’s charter on December 29,1845, and Texas became the twenty-eighth state to join the Union. (Q016) Which two program areas require the most funding in the state of Texas? a plural executive, in which executive powers are divided between six different offices. (Q006) What was Stephen F. Austin's role in the development of Texas? (Q005) In order to limit the power of the federal government, Governor Abbott has. (Q012) How can the plural executive limit the governor's power? (Q019) The legislative budget is prepared and submitted by. (Q008) According to Texas's voter identification law, voters must show __________ to be able to vote. the federal government partnering with state and local authorities during emergencies. (Q011) A __________ is chartered for localities with a population of less than 5,000. (Q010) Who led the Grange and Populist movements of the late nineteenth century? tends to be higher than that of the United States as a whole. the best government is the least government. give an individual or corporation an exemption from state law. outside the direct control of the state legislature. Though some men, including Webster, argued against the annexation of Texas, the constitution was accepted by the United States on December 29, 1845. 2. (Q017) The percentage of the population living under the poverty line in Texas. HTML and PDF formats. (Q020) According to the Texas Constitution, what actions must be taken if the state's economy shows a decline. is considered the most important elected official in state policy making. (Q020) What role do Republican and Democratic party caucuses play in determining the chairs of legislative committees? whether states can secede from the United States, (Q016) The supremacy clause of the U.S. Constitution. Define federalism. Constitution of Texas (1845) Texas was able to take more care when drafting its first state constitution. They provide the main form of government in rural areas. The current document was adopted on February 15, 1876, and is the seventh constitution in Texas history (including the Mexican constitution) . HTML and PDF formats. (Q011) The current Texas constitution was written. 1866. (Q006) Texans are unlikely to vote for an income tax in the foreseeable future because. the House and Senate (and the courts) can decide what constitutes an impeachable offense. The citizens of Texas approved the annexation ordinance and new constitution on October 13, 1845. The state legislature can propose amendments to the constitution. Under the Constitution of 1876 the homestead was defined as the family home on up to 200 acres of rural land or urban land worth up to $5,000 (at the time of homestead designation) with its improvements and used as a family home or place of business. 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